Write your article before you begin the abstract. This may sound intuitive, but since an abstract is meant to describe the thesis, results, and methods of an article, you should accomplish the article very first.  This is especially significant since the scope of your research or your thesis may have switched while you were writing the article.
- To determine which information is valuable enough to be included in your abstract, read through your paper and list or highlight the details crucial to your project. Then, condense those points to make your abstract.
Re-read the introductory paragraph of your article. Since the introductory section already provides a condensed overview and summary, you can repeat many of these points in the abstract.
Put yourself in the place of your readers. Since you will be very familiar with the subject matter and content of your paper or journal article, it can help to treatment it from the perspective of someone unacquainted with the work. Ask yourself what’s most significant for your readers to know about your work, and add that to the abstract.
Structure your abstract efficiently and logically. In an academic abstract, you won’t have any space to waste. Most abstracts are similarly structured; they begin by (1) introducing the topic, then stir on to (Two) indicate a gap in the current literature, and (Trio) state their methods, (Four) mention the probe results, and (Five) suggest a brief conclusion. To expand on this structure: [Three]
Review the rough draft of your abstract. Since your abstract is brief and will be the initial encounter that journal editors or conference-panel chairs have with your work, it’s significant that you proofread as you work toward an edited, finalized copy.
Compare the concentrate and context of your scholarly abstract with others. Find abstracts in earlier copies of the academic journal you’re planning to submit to, and compare them to yours. Your abstract should resemble others found in previous editions of the journal, or found in Proceedings from earlier conferences.
Ask a colleague to read over your abstract. This should be the final step before you send your abstract to a journal or conference panel. Seeking feedback from a colleague can lead to constructive criticism to strengthen your writing. A colleague can also point out grammatical errors or typos you may have overlooked. 
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